Environmental Research Group
Who's Who in ERG? - Dr David Carslaw
Dr David C Carslaw
Environmental Research Group
King's College London
150 Stamford Street
Tel: 020 7848 3844
Fax: 020 7848 4045
I am principally interested in urban air pollution and how it is affected by transport sources.
Recent interests include the controlling influences of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations in urban
areas, and in particular the contribution made by directly emitted NO2 from road vehicles.
This work was the first to identify and quantify the growing importance of direct NO2
emissions and the factors influencing it (Carslaw, 2005; Carslaw and Beevers, 2005).
It is now clear that these issues have
(and will have) a large influence on European air quality policy.
I also have an interest in the development of techniques to better understand sources of air pollution
and ways in which source attribution can be improved. I have developed a series of techniques to detect
changes in atmospheric composition due to various interventions and to better understand emission sources.
Examples include aviation emissions - source detection, quantification and characterisation, through
high-frequency response measurements (Carslaw et al, 2006; Carslaw et al, 2008; Carslaw and Taylor, 2009).
For road vehicles I have developed detailed statistical models of carbon dioxide emissions from
individual vehicles which have been used to understand
the effect of intelligent speed adaptation systems on emissions (Carslaw et al, 2010).
I am keen on making many of these techniques available more widely to the air quality
community. The openair project does just that (see
www.openair-project.org) by providing
data analysis tools available in an open-source environment using R statistical software.
I have been a member of the Air Quality Expert Group (AQEG) since 2002 and frequently present my work nationally and internationally.
Carslaw, D.C., Goodman, P.S., Lai, F.C.H. And O.M.J. Carsten (2010).
Comprehensive analysis of the carbon impacts of vehicle
intelligent speed control,
Atmospheric Environment, Volume 44, Issue 23, pp. 2674-2680.
Carslaw, D.C. and P.J. Taylor (2009). Analysis of air pollution data at a mixed source location using boosted regression trees.
Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 43, pp. 3563–3570.
Ropkins, K, Carslaw, D.C., Goodman, P.S. and J.E. Tate (2009). Application of non-linear time-alignment and integration methods
to environmental time series.
Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2009.
Jackson, L.S., Carslaw, N., Carslaw, D.C. and K. M. Emmerson (2009). Modelling trends in OH radical concentrations
using generalized additive models. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 9, 2021–2033, 2009.
Carslaw, D.C. (2008). Fuelling controversy. Parliamentary Brief. Vol. 11, No. 11, 26.
Carslaw, D.C., Ropkins, K., Laxen, D, Moorcroft, S, Marner, B and M.L. Williams (2008). Near-field commercial
aircraft contribution to nitrogen oxides by engine, aircraft type
and airline by individual plume sampling. Environmental Science and Technology. 42(6): 1871-1876.
Westmoreland, E.J., N. Carslaw, D.C. Carslaw, A. Gillah and E. Bates (2007).
Analysis of air quality within a street canyon using statistical
and dispersion modelling techniques. Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 41(39), pp. 9195-9205.
Carslaw, D.C. and R.M Harrison (2007). Motor vehicles and the pollution of the air: 100 years on.
The Lancet. Vol. 370(9591), p. 936.
Carslaw, D.C. and N Carslaw (2007). Detecting and characterising small changes in urban nitrogen dioxide
concentrations. Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 41, 4723-4733.
Carslaw, D.C., Beevers, S.D. and J.E. Tate (2007). Modelling and assessing trends in traffic-related emissions using a generalized
additive modelling approach. Atmospheric Environment. 41 pp. 5289-5299.
Carslaw, D.C., Beevers, S.D. and M.C. Bell (2007). Risks of exceeding the hourly EU limit value for nitrogen dioxide
resulting from increased road transport
emissions of primary nitrogen dioxide. Atmospheric Environment 41 2073–2082.
Emmerson, K.M., Carslaw, N., Carslaw, D.C., Lee, J.D., McFiggans, G., Bloss, W.J., Gravestock, T., Heard, D.E.,
Hopkins, J., Ingham, T., Pilling, M.J., Smith, C., Jacob, C.M. and P. S. Monks (2007). Free radical modelling studies during the
UK TORCH Campaign in Summer 2003. Atmospheric Chemistry Physics, 7, 167-181.
Carslaw, D.C. (2007). Stepping on the gas. Parliamentary Brief. Vol. 11, No. 2, 39-40.
Carslaw, D.C., Ropkins, K and M.C. Bell. (2006) Change-Point Detection of Gaseous and Particulate Traffic-Related
Pollutants at a Roadside Location.
Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 40. Issue 22. 6912-6918.
Carslaw, D.C., Beevers, S.D, Ropkins, K and M.C. Bell (2006). Detecting and quantifying aircraft and other
on-airport contributions to ambient nitrogen oxides in the
vicinity of a large international airport. Atmospheric Environment. 40/28 pp 5424-5434.
Carslaw, D.C. (2006). New Directions: A heavy burden for heavy vehicles: increasing vehicle weight and air pollution. Atmospheric Environment 40(8), pp. 183-184.
Carslaw, D.C. (2005) On the changing seasonal cycles and trends of ozone at Mace Head, Ireland. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 5, pp.3441-3450.
Beevers S.D. and D.C. Carslaw (2005).The impact of congestion charging on vehicle speed and its implications for assessing vehicle emissions. Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 39(36), 6875-6884.
Carslaw, D.C. (2005). Evidence of an increasing NO2/NOX emissions ratio from road traffic emissions.
Atmospheric Environment, 39(26) 4793-4802.
Carslaw, D.C. and Beevers, S.D. (2005). Development of an urban inventory for road transport emissions of NO2 and comparison with estimates derived from ambient measurements. Atmospheric Environment, (39): 2049-2059.
Beevers, S.D. and Carslaw, D.C. (2005). The impact of congestion charging on vehicle emissions in London. Atmospheric Environment, 39(1): 1-5.
Carslaw, D.C. and Beevers, S.D. (2005). Estimations of road vehicle primary NO2 exhaust emission fractions using monitoring data in London. Atmospheric Environment, 39(1): 167-177.n
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